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Village Search Results >> Ha Pak Tsuen >> History
 
History
The origin of Liu’s family was Henan. According to the “Genealogy of Liu Clan in Fung Kai”, the 13th generation ancestor Liu Chung-kit moved to Xinan from Fujian to assume the duty of “Kwun Fu Sze” (officer-in-charge of salt making site) in the Yuan Dynasty. At that time, Sheung Shui Heung was under the jurisdiction of Xinan “Kwun Fu Sze”.  Liu Chung-kit moved to Xinan from Dingzhou in Fujian. He engaged in the business of blacksmith. He moved southward along the sea route and first migrated to Guangdong and then to Fuk Tin Tsuen. At last he settled in Sheung Yue He in 1350 (late Yuan Dynasty) becoming the founding ancestor in Sheung Shui Heung.
    
Liu Chung-kit had one son called Liu Chi-yuk; Chi-yuk produced three sons namely Yu-kwai, Yu-cheung and Yu-bik becoming three family branches. Then Yu-kwai, Yu-cheung and Yu-bik had six sons totally; the eldest branch Yu-kwai had sons called Ying-man and Ying-mo; the second branch Yu-cheung had sons called Ying-lung and Ying-fung; the third branch Yu-bik had sons called Ying-gong and Ying-gei. Ying-mo later moved back to Fujian with Chung-kit while Ying-gei died young leaving no son. So that the four sons, Ying-man, Ying-lung, Ying-fung and Ying-gong of three families divided the district into four known as “Si Dau”, namely Pak Dau lineage (the eldest branch), Tung Dau lineage (the second branch), Sai Dau lineage (the second branch) and Nam Dau lineage (the third branch) with family estates established in Sheung Shui Heung. 

When it came to the 7th generation ancestor Nam-sha Kong, he was excelled in geomancy and so he proposed the clansmen to live together for prospering the descendants. Henceforth, Nam-sha Kong and Kwan-wai Kong began to look for a village for inhabitation together. At last, they found the major vein at a place surrounded by a series of mountains. They then selected a place with landform resembling a phoenix at the mouth of this vein to jointly build a village called Wai Loi Tsuen. The construction of this village was approximately completed in the 12th year of Wanli reign (1584) of Ming Dynasty. Their descendants really prospered and proliferated. In the 19th century, the Lius built Po Sheung Tsuen, Chung Sum Tsuen, Mun Hau Tsuen, Tai Yuen Tsuen, Sheung Pak Tsuen, Ha Pak Tsuen and Hing Yan Tsuen in this village and in its vicinity.

Ha Pak Tsuen is settled by descendants of Liu’s first and third branch families. 
 

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